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Staff & Center News

Manheim Lectures on Trends in Scientific and Technological Innovation

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On February 6, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientist Frank Manheim presented a seminar at USGS headquarters in Reston, VA, entitled "Science and Technology Effectiveness of Five Nations—Britain, France, Germany, US, and Russia/USSR—from 1800 to the Present, with Special Notes on WWII Science in the United States and Its Impact on the USGS."

Trends in technological innovations in the United States, Germany, and Russia/Soviet Union, advances per year in 10-year averages, from 1900 to 1981
Tech trends: Trends in technological innovations in the United States, Germany, and Russia/Soviet Union. (From Paturi, Felix R., 1988, Chronik der Technik: Dortmund, Germany, Chronik Verlag, 639 p.)

The lecture reflected several years of avocational research by Frank Manheim (Reston, VA) with Chris Barton (St. Petersburg, FL). The talk reviewed approaches to the measurement of national scientific and technological effectiveness and reported a new "outcome based" index of national innovation. This type of index is derived from chronological compendia of international discoveries and inventions. The decline in U.S. technology in the 1960s and 1970s is corroborated by other indices, such as patents. A recent update of the curves, which were based on data published in 1988, demonstrates a renewed upswing for the United States beginning in the middle 1980s. Other noteworthy features of the graph are the steep decline in German technology accompanying the Nazi assumption of power in 1932, and a period of enhanced USSR technology stimulated by the reform policies of Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev. Soviet achievements in this period included the first space flight (Sputnik) in 1957, manned orbit of the Earth, automated lunar landers, and the first commercial jet aviation.

The last part of the talk discussed the impact on the USGS of post-World War II U.S. science-policy developments. This part of the talk was based on new compilations of USGS publications (not including topographic maps) during the period.

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Research cover story:
Competitive Edge of Invasive Species

Lake Mead Work Continues

Outreach Dolphin Rescue

London Interns Tour St. Pete

Congressional Briefing on Gas Hydrates

Volcanic Ash and Aviation Safety

Science Mentoring

Meetings Coastal Vulnerability

Lidar Data and Technology

International Deep-Sea Corals Workshop

Northeastern Coastal Ecosystems and Resources Workshop

Awards Shinn Wins 2002 Shoemaker Distinguished Achievement Award

Coastal and Marine Scientists Win 2002 Shoemaker Product Excellence Awards

Behrendt and Poag Elected AAAS Fellows

Normark Awarded Keen Medal

Staff & Center News A Tribute to Joe Newell

Marine Geophysics Pioneer Honored

Celebrating Careers of Five Retirees

Manheim Lectures on Trends in Scientific and Technological Innovation

Publications San Francisco Bay Earthquake Hazards

Effectivenes of Marine Reserves in Central California

Human Influence on Diatom Productivity and Sedimentation in Chesapeake Bay

Feb. / Mar. Publications List U. S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
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